Today we are going to discuss the Elaborate definition and meaning of Syntax in Linguistics. The syntax mainly deals with the structure of sentences in a language. In the study of syntax, we can understand how the words are worked in a sentence properly. Further, it also allows us to define descriptive rules and structures about how a language works.
The main objectives of the syntacticians or experts in syntax, to find out the factors involved in grammar, more especially in regard to certain languages. It’s very important to learn Syntax because it describes the grammatical structures in which phrases, clauses and sentenced are formed. Let us discuss the definition and meaning of Syntax in Linguistics elaborately.
The fundamental characteristics of syntax are morphology and the principles which govern how sentences are formed. Besides, syntax focuses on the differences between the written and spoken language as spontaneous speech will often ignore standard structural rules. By studying syntax, we can learn about different words classes and the formation process of phrases, clauses and sentences.
It is taken for granted that studying syntax is pertinent to a lot of subject areas in linguistics. we have to study syntax to understand how children acquire their language, how they start constructing sentences, and what stage do they learn the tacit syntactic rules of the language.
Further, it is good to study syntax so we can understand how bilingual and multilingual speakers are able to construct their sentences despite having different structures for different languages.
In the syntactic process, we get many answers which are necessary for understanding how languages work. We also study syntax to develop set rules and constraints on the language. We call them parameters which limit what we can and can not do in a language, helping us establish an effective and working communicative system.
Some linguists believe that all languages have the same parameters. The idea is called universal grammar, was a theory developed by Noam Chomsky in the 1960s. From these ideas of linguistic parameters, we can learn, use and teach the correct way to make sentences.
To sum up, we may say, the syntax is a level of linguistics that studies sentence construction, and help us to understand and apply the rules for framing correct sentences in particular languages.
Chomsky, N (1965) Aspects of the theory of syntax. Cambridge, Mass: MIT Press.
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