what is an adverb?

What is an Adverb in English? | Definition, Types and Examples

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What is an Adverb?

Adverb plays a very significant role to complete a sentence. It has the power to modify the meaning of the whole sentence. But we need to know how to use adverbs in a sentence in a proper way? However, let us know what is the definition of an adverb in English grammar.

An adverb is a word or part of speech that modifies all the parts of speech except a noun or a pronoun. Let us see how the scholars define adverb.

J.C. Nesfield: An adverb is a word used to qualify any parts of speech except a noun or pronoun.

Wren & Martin: An adverb is a word which modifies the meaning of a verb, an adjective or another adverb

Types of adverb

The adverb is mainly of three kinds. They are:

  1. Simple Adverb
  2. Relative Adverb
  3. Interrogative Adverb

1. Simple Adverb

Simple Adverb categories into 8 sub-categories. They are:

  • Adverb of time
  • Adverb of place
  • Adverb of manner
  • Adverb of degree
  • Adverb of the reason of purpose
  • Adverb of affirmative and negative
  • Intensifiers
  • Downtoners

Adverb of time

An adverb of time will be placed when an action is done by addressing ‘when’, ‘how long’ and ‘ how often’. These types of adverbs are: now, then, before, since, ago, already, afterwards, always, often, seldom, once, twice, thrice, soon, afterwards, today, again, late, yesterday, tomorrow, early, daily, frequently, presently, immediately etc. Examples are in the below sentences:

  • I want to meet you right now.
  • She admires him then leave the place.
  • Mr Jacob already bought the car.
  • Afterwards, they reached their destination.
  • Her examination will start tomorrow.
  • You need to get up early in the morning.
  • I heard sound frequently.
  • The boy makes the same mistake again.
  • It has been raining since morning.
  • We don’t need to discuss the same topic twice.

Adverb of place

An adverb of place will be placed by addressing ‘where’ the action is done. These types of adverbs are: Here, there, hence, far, near nearby, away, ahead, outside, inside, locally etc. Examples are in the below sentences:

  • Please don’t enter here without permission.
  • I wish to go there someday.
  • Hence, you have to follow the guideline.
  • They want to go away for a while.
  • Don’t go outside when the class will be running.
  • Call him inside the room.
  • Their hometown is far from us.
  • Get ready ahead of the conference.

Adverb of manner

An adverb of manner will be placed by addressing ‘how’ the action is done. These types of adverbs are: clearly, closely, correctly, bravely, sadly, badly, softly steadily, slowly, soundly suddenly, carefully, rightly, naturally, possibly, quickly, easily, widely, thus, well etc. Examples are in the below sentences:

  • I see the aeroplane clearly.
  • You have to see this blackboard closely.
  • Let’s resolve the sum correctly.
  • The troops fight for the nation bravely.
  • She is standing there sadly.
  • Complete the lesson easily.
  • Suddenly, I saw a beautiful bird.
  • Go ahead rightly.
  • Thus we focus the main issue.
  • Please reach the airport quickly.

Adverb of degree

An adverb of manner will be placed by addressing ‘how much’ the action is done. These types of adverbs are: Almost, very, much, fully, partly, quite, totally, entirely, deeply, greatly, poorly, enough, too, little, strongly, altogether, rather etc. examples are in the below sentences:

  • I have almost done the task.
  • The doll looks very charming.
  • How much money are you looking for?
  • He is fully opposing the matter.
  • I see the crowd partly.
  • The news channel covers the incident entirely.
  • It’s enough for him.
  • She admires her best friend too.
  • Mr Jonshon contemns the misdeed strongly.
  • He has little knowledge of Mathematics.

Adverb of reason or purpose

An adverb of manner will be placed in order to explain the cause or purpose of an action. These types of adverbs are: Hence, therefore, so, so that etc. Examples are in the below sentences:

  • He, therefore, missed the train.
  • I am hence unable to forget the incident.
  • She is ill so she will not meet you today.
  • Pray for me so that I can buy a motor for my father.

Affirmation or negation

Affirmation or negation will be also placed as an adverb. These types of adverbs are: yes, no, never etc. Examples are in the below sentences:

  • Yes, I wish to invent new technology someday.
  • No, I never believe in any rumour.

Intensifiers

The adverb that focuses on the action of a verb is called an intensifier. These types of adverbs are: actually, certainly, surely, really, absolutely, definitely, really etc. Examples are in the below sentences:

  • Actually I forgot to pick my laptop.
  • Today I will complete my homework surely.
  • You are absolutely right.
  • Certainly, she feels lonely.
  • Are you really miss me?

Downtoners

The adverbs that reduce the importance of verb, adjective or even adverb are called downtoners. These types of adverbs are: hardly, barely, scarcely, nearly etc. Examples are in the below sentences:

  • I hardly hear your voice.
  • We are nearly closer to you.
  • They barely found the solution.

Relative adverb

An adverb that introduces a relative clause is called a relative adverb. These types of adverbs are: when, where, why etc. Examples are in the below sentences:

  • This is the place where we met together.
  • I don’t know when they will come.
  • This is the way why I have chosen it.

The relative adverb used to join two sentences together and shows its relation to its antecedent expressed or understood.

Interrogative adverb

An adverb that used to ask questions is called an interrogative adverb. These types of adverb are: where, when, why, how many, how much, how often, how far etc. Examples are in the below sentences:

  • When will you come to our home?
  • Where is your brother?
  • Why he doesn’t receive the call.
  • How long do you take time?
  • How far was the boy running?

Note: Most of the adverbs are formed by adding ‘ly’ to an adjective.

However, after completing the lesson, we will able to understand what is an adverb in English grammar clearly.


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