Definition of Phonology in linguistics

Definition of Phonology in Linguistics

Definition of Phonology in Linguistics

Phonology is an important lesson of linguistics that deals with the sound systems of languages. It is also concerned with the functional aspect of different speech sounds. Furthermore, phonology also analyzes the production, transmission and cognition of existing speech sounds.

The main objective of phonology is to observe how speech sounds are organised in languages. As a branch of linguistics, Phonology closely observes the significance of the abstract or mental aspects of different speech sounds in linguistics.

Furthermore, the functional pressures underlying the exchange of phonetic and cognitive mechanisms that impact the progressions that sound system may experience as they are passed from age to age, and inside and between discourse groups.

From in linguistics point of view, Phonology is seen in two principal ways:

  1. As a dimension of linguistics association, appeared differently concerning the dimensions of phonetics, language structure, and semantics in the main occasion, and
  2. As a material of generative grammar, different from the syntactic and semantic segments.

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Inside Phonology, two parts of the study are generally perceived: segmental and suprasegmental. Segmental phonology describes speech into discrete sections, for example, phonemes. What’s more, suprasegmental phonology investigates those elements that reach out over more than one section as stress, tone, and intonation.


To sum up, it may say, phonology deals with the investigation of language sound system. Though phoneticians examine the physical properties of speech sounds, phonologists, specialists in phonology, research the utilitarian properties of speech sounds.

Phonologists particularly investigate sound substitutions, that is, the supplanting of one speech sound with another, and the practical outcomes that these substitutions have for word meaning.


Hyman, L. M. (1975) Phonology: Theory and analyse, New York: Holt, Rineharts, and Winston.

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