Definition of a preposition
In this lesson we will discuss what is the definition of preposition and top 150 Prepositions list in English with meanings and examples. Preposition is an important chapter in English grammar. It plays a significant role to make a sentence with proper meaning and understanding. However, the question is ‘what is the definition of a preposition’? ‘Pre’ means ‘before’ and ‘position’ means ‘situation’. A word placed before a noun or a pronoun or noun-equivalent to show its relation to any other word in a sentence is called a preposition. For example: in, on, to, above, within, between, under, etc. A little list of prepositions are given below:
Prepositions are marked for easy identification.
- He has been lived in the place for three years.
- The mobile phone is on the bed.
- No one access to the internet for a while.
- The birds are flying above the building.
- The game is over right now.
- Please finish the project within one month.
- They have a good relationship between themselves.
- The coach works under the team.
Let us discuss the prepositions list in English grammar.
150 Prepositions list in English with meanings and examples
Top 150 Prepositions list in English with meaning and examples are given in the below:
1. Abhorrent to
- Don’t abhorrent to the poor people.
- We have to abhorrent to bad people in our society.
- He doesn’t want to abhorrent to his best friend.
2. Abound in
Be plentiful, be numerous
- The number of casualties abounds in the hospital.
- This class abound in many students.
- There are a huge number of tourists abound in the sea beach.
3. Absent from
Not present in the place
- He was absent from the meeting.
- My friend absent from the picnic spot.
- I was absent from the public debate.
4. Absorbed in
- The boy is absorbed in the study.
- He is absorbed in the class.
- She was absorbed in the cooking.
5. Accompanied by
Go alone with, travel with
- He is accompanied by his sister.
- My friend accompanied by his bike.
- The students accompanied by the teacher.
6. Accused of
Charge with, indicted for
- This man is accused of murder.
- He was accused of gambling.
- You had been accused of money laundering.
7. Add to
Attach, put on, put in
- Let’s add to the music also.
- Please don’t forget to add to the laptop in my bag.
- We have to add to all the materials for the conference.
8. Addicted to
Devoted to, obsessed with
- He is addicted to the drug.
- My friend was addicted to playing cards.
- You shouldn’t be addicted to bad things.
9. Adjacent to
- This shop is adjacent to my house.
- The coffee bar is adjacent to the college.
- The college is adjacent to the university.
10. Admit of
Acknowledge, confess, reveal
- He admits of this misdeed.
- My brother admits of his failure.
- You should be admitted of your bad habits.
11. Admit into
To allow someone or something to enter
- She allows him to admit into the room.
- The teacher admits the student into the class.
- My friends asked me to admit into the place.
12. Adapt to
- I fail to adapt to the place.
- My parents adapt to new weather.
- You have to adapt to the situation.
13. Adhere to
Comply with, be faithful
- He adheres to the code of conduct.
- Everyone should adhere to their parents.
- She has to adhere to new rules and regulations.
14. Afraid of
- I’m afraid of snakes.
- My friend is afraid of ghost.
- They are afraid of playing with us.
15. Affection for
- She has enough affection for her son.
- Every parent has affections for their children.
- We should have affection for the poor.
16. Affectionate to
- The boy is affectionate for his parents.
- Miss Lorren was affectionate to her husband.
- You have to be affectionate to your friends.
17. Agree with
To decide something together
- I agree with the matter.
- He agrees with the new business dell.
- She was agreed with the new law for women.
18. Aim at
To intend, planning to achieve
- Fernandez aims at reaching the destination.
- He aims at being a doctor.
- They aim at winning the match today.
19. Alarmed at
Panic, shock, terrify
- We should be alarmed at natural disasters.
- The country alarmed at earthquake.
- Mr Joseph alarmed at climate change in the world.
20. Allot to
- Let us allot to distribute some money for the poor.
- We should be allotted our useless clothes to the street children.
- The authority is allotted new building to the school.
21. Alternative to
- He has no alternative to learn English.
- You don’t have any alternative to attending the class.
- She doesn’t have any alternation to follow the commandment of her parents.
22. Ambition for
- Everyone has an ambition for a happy life.
- He has an ambition for being an engineer.
- You should have an ambition for your future.
23. Angry with
- Nobody is angry with an honest man.
- My friends are angry with me.
- Miss Jammy was angry with her child.
24. Anxious for
- I’m anxious for my examination.
- He was anxious for buying a new car.
- You have to anxious for your study.
25. Apart from
Excluding, except for
- He can do the work apart from his friend.
- She can’t go there apart from her husband.
- You will pass the examination apart from your laziness.
26. Apathy towards
Lack of interest
- I have apathy towards the bad people.
- She is apathy towards meeting her friends.
- They are apathy towards playing him.
27. Apology for
Expression of regret
- You should apology for your sins.
- He apologizes for making this misdeed.
- They apologize for not attending the class.
28. Apply for
Put in an application, register
- The man has applied for a government job.
- He applied for taking the admission of the college.
- They are applied for participating in the program.
29. Appointed to
- He is appointed to a news organization.
- She was appointed to her job.
- Mr Jolil appointed some workers to finish the work.
30. Aptitude for
- She has an aptitude for an exceptional recipe.
- He had no aptitude for joining the competitive examination.
- They have the aptitude for wining the cricket match.
31. Argue against
- He argues against the criminal.
- Mr Imral argues against gambling.
- You should argue against bad activities accrued throughout the country.
32. Arrive at
Come, appear, approach
- Mr Jacob has arrived at the station.
- I will arrive at the place at 9 am.
- You have to arrive at the meeting on time.
33. Ascend to
Go up, climb
- The old man ascends to the kingdom.
- Mr Claif ascends to a new position.
- Miss Katherine ascends to the rank.
34. Ashamed of
- He ashamed of himself for his bad work.
- You should ashamed of failing the examination.
- They ashamed of losing the cricket match.
35. Asked for
Request, needed, expected
- Mrs Kitty asked for some money.
- He asked for buying a new bike from his father.
- My friend asks me for a glass of water.
36. Assured of
- He is assured of this future.
- The boy assured of passing the examination.
- Lora assured of performing in the program.
37. At lunch
A meal is eaten in the middle of the day
- Please meet with me at lunch.
- He treats us at lunch at 2 pm.
- The organization requests Mr Jacob to take the offer at lunch.
38. Attend to
Be present, take part in
- I was attended to the program.
- My brother attends to a new event.
- The professor will attend the program to deliver a motivational speech.
39. Authority on
- Mr Kossek has authority on the topic.
- My teacher has enough authority on English.
- He has not enough authority on mathematics
40. Aware of
Conscious, awake to, alert to
- We should aware of natural disasters.
- You have to aware of your future plan.
- She is aware of participating in the interview.
41. Bad at
- He is bad at Mathematics.
- I’m bad at playing football.
- She is bad at swimming.
42. Beneficial to
- Hard work is beneficial to success.
- This product is enough beneficial to make more profit.
- He wanted to be beneficial by selling more clothes.
43. Bias towards
Oppose, contrary to
- His investigation is biased towards the actual incident.
- He is biased towards making the report.
- I want to bias towards criminal activities.
44. Blind to
Unconcerned about, apathetic towards
- He is blind to obey his duty.
- She was blind to care for her child.
- They are blind to take responsibility for their failure.
45. Boast of
- The man boast of this good work.
- He boasts of his profession.
- You have to boast of your study.
46. Burden with
Worry, hardship, distress
- Katherine is burdened with the tragedy.
- He burdens with maintaining his whole family.
- The student burdens with over study.
47. By heart
From memory, word for word
- He reads the text by heart.
- I remember the incident by heart.
- Please do the job by heart.
48. Care for
Love, be fond of, adore
- You have to care for your parents.
- She is caring for her child.
- You should care for your health for interrupting the diseases.
49. Cast aside
Ignored, deny, decline
- Let’s cast aside the rubbish things.
- I’m cast aside by you.
- Unfortunately, you are cast aside by our best friend.
50. Catch at
Seize, grab, snatch
- The man catches at the ball.
- The police catch the criminal at the hidden place.
- You should catch at the lesson in the class.
51. Cause for
- Unconsciousness cause for several diseases.
- Your bad habits cause for your bad result.
- Criminal activities cause for punishment.
52. Charge with
Accuse of, indicted for, put on trial for
- He is charged with murder.
- The man is charged with gambling.
- Mr Jonshon charged with corruption.
53. Combination of
Union, blend, mixture
- This food is a combination of many items.
- The rainbow is a combination of several colours.
- She made food by the combination of many items.
54. Compare to
Estimate, measure, contrast
- He compares himself to an intellectual person.
- Don’t compare him to bad people.
- Mr Cliff compares himself to an intellectual scholar.
55. Compatible with
Consistent, in keeping
- You have to compatible with this matter.
- He is compatible with learning English.
- Mr Karim is compatible with making money in an illegal way.
56. Competent for
Capable, proficient, skilful
- He is competent for the project.
- The CEO of that company is competent for taking interviews.
- She is competent for doing her job perfectly.
57. Complain to
Protest, make a complaint
- I want to complain to this employee.
- She complains to some illegal things.
- Mr Joshon intends to complain to gambling activities.
58. Comply with
Abide by, obey, adhere to
- We should comply with the supreme court.
- All of you have to comply with the new rules.
- They have to comply with the policy of the company.
59. Concern for
Worry, trouble, bother
- I’m concerned for this unexpected incident.
- She is concerned for her final examination.
- He is concerned for his physical fitness.
60. Confidence in
Trust, believe, faith
- She has enough confidence in her result.
- They had the confidence in doing the task.
- Mr Ariel is confident in obeying his duty properly.
61. Congratulate on
Wish someone’s good luck
- Mr Dubbi congratulates on his son’s success.
- My father congratulates me on my final result.
- The officer congratulates his workers on fulfiling the target.
62. Consist of
Be composed, be made up, be formed
- This building consists of several materials.
- The book consists of a lot of lessons.
- My bedroom consists of an attractive decoration.
63. Contemporary of
- S.T. Coleridge was a contemporary poet of Wordsworth.
- Tagor is contemporary of Kazi Nazrul.
- He was disappointed to see the contemporary social situation.
64. Contrary to
Opposite, opposed, contradictory
- It’s a contrary product to the original.
- The boy is contrary to his father.
- The girl is contrary to her mother.
65. Contribution to
Participate in, involve in
- He has a contribution to fulfilling the project.
- I don’t have any contribution to my family.
- My father has a lot of contribution to our family.
66. Control over
- Police have control over the investigation.
- He doesn’t have control over the situation.
- The teacher didn’t have to control over the failure of his students.
67. Convinced of
Persuade, satisfy, assure
- She is convinced of the matter.
- I wish to convince him.
- He doesn’t convince his parents to participate in the events.
68. Cope with
To ensure something
- Ultimately I cope with my decision.
- Mr Kent and his family cope with their livelihood.
- You have to cope with your study.
69. Count upon
Depend, rely on
- He counts upon his father.
- I count upon my family.
- Mrs Lilly counts upon her friend.
70. A curse for
Swear word, oath, put the evil eye on
- The man is the curse for the society.
- The boy is a course for his father.
- Dishonest people always a curse for any nation.
71. Cruise to
Triumph, achieve success in
- We cruise to the game.
- They are making a plan to cruise to the situation.
- I have a dream to cruise to make a secure life.
72. Deal with
- He knows how to deal with his friends.
- The CEO of the company deals with the tough challenge.
- I’m dealing with the problem.
73. Depend on
Rely on, count upon
- Poor people depend on the rich.
74. Desire to
Wish, aspiration, impulse
- He has a strong desire to black money.
75. Die by
Passed away by a poison
- The old man is died by poison.
76. Die for
Passed away by the dedication.
- He died for his nation.
77. Die from
Passed away for the cause
- The boy died from hunger.
78. Die of
Passed away by disease
- She died of cancer.
79. Different from
Dissimilar, unlike, contrasting
- The boy is different from his sister.
80. Difficulty in
- There are some difficulties in this sector.
81. Disappointed at
Depressed, distress, discourage
- I’m disappointed at your recent approach.
82. Divide among
Separate into many portions
- Please divide the foods among the children.
83. Divide between
Separate into two portions
- I don’t want to divide between my friends.
84. Dwell in
Reside, live, lodge
- They dwell in the place for a long time.
85. Dwell upon
Talk over, talk about, debate
- You should not dwell upon any negative topic.
86. Eligible for
Entitled, permitted, allowed
- He is eligible for this offer.
87. Enter into
Get involved in, go in for
- They enter into the work.
88. Entitled to
Make eligible, authorize
- He entitled to the land.
89. Equal to
Capable of, fit for
- The skilled person equal to the job.
90. Essential for
(necessary, vital, significant)
Book is essential for gaining knowledge.
91. Exception to
Different, distinctive, dissimilar
- He is the exception to others.
92. Exclude from
Keep out, deny access to
- They exclude participating in the program.
93. Experience in
Skill, practical knowledge, exposure to
- He has enough experience in English.
94. Face with
Look out on, look toward
- She doesn’t want to face a new problem with her friend .
95. Fail in
Be unsuccessful in, not pass
- He failed in the examination.
96. Faith in
Trust, believe, confidence
- Mrs Lilly has faith in her religion.
97. Fed up with
Boring, tedious, monotonous
- I’m fed up with you.
98. Fond of
Keen on, passionate about, affection for
- She is fond of her child.
99. Genius for
Brilliance, greatly intelligent, skilled
- He is a genius for teaching.
100. Get into
Blend, mingle, combine
- I get into the new people.
101. Give in
Except, take on
- She gets in her failure.
102. Go down
Drown, immerse, soak
- The boy goes down the river for the lack of swimming.
103. Good at
Brilliance, great intelligent, skilled
- He is good at mathematics.
To blame, blameworthy
- The man is guilty of the crime.
105. Hanker after
Wish, want, fancy, aspiration
- He hankers for a good job.
106. Ignorant of
- The old man ignorant of technology.
107. Imposed on
Force, inflict, thrust
- The government imposed on extra VAT.
108. Incapable of
Unable to, not capable of
- He is incapable of making a debate.
109. Indebted to, for
- I’m indebted to you.
110. Independent of
Sovereign, free, autonomous
- The country is independent of the persecution.
111. Indulge in
Give oneself up to, nourish
- He indulges in the crime.
112 Innocent of
- The man is innocent of the charge.
113. Inquiry into
Investigation, query, examination
- The police inquiries into the murder.
114. Insist on
Persist, not give up
- He insists on passing the examination.
115. In spite of
Despite, regardless of
- I will do the work in spite of many difficulties.
116. Interest in
- I have an interest in music.
117. Interfere with
Barge into, get involved in
- Please do not interfere with us.
118. Laugh at
- We should not laugh at the poor.
119. Lead to
Direction, margin, advantage
- The man leads to a new car.
120. Liberate from, in
Set free, release
- He is liberated from the hospital.
121. Monument to
Memorial, statue, pillar
- Statue of liberty is the greatest monument to the world.
122. Mourn for
Grieve, lament, sorrow
- We should mourn for the departed soul.
123. A necessity for
The essential requirement, necessary
- Good food is a necessity for good health.
124. Object to
- I object to criminal activities.
125. Obliged to, for
Compel, bind, make constrain
- The employee obliged to do the job.
126. Originate from
Derive, begin, start
- The quotation is originated from the novel.
127. Penalty for, with
- The criminal gets the death penalty for his misdeed.
128. Perfect for
Right, appropriate, suitable
- This cloth is perfect for the girl.
129. Play with
Action, activity, relax, engage in
- I have no interest to play with you.
130. Popular for
In favour, accepted, fashionable
- Cricket is a popular game for some people.
131. Pray for
Invoke, beg, plead
- Please pray for me.
132. Prefer to
Like better, desire, choose
- I prefer the song to listen to now.
133. Respect for
Appreciation, adoration, a tribute
- We should have enough respect for our parents.
134. Respond to
React, replay, return
- Please respond to the question.
135. Retire from
Depart, resign, take off
- He retired from his work.
136. Return to
Arrival, entry, restoration
- The man returns to the adventure.
137. Revolt against
- The revolutionary group revolt against the army.
Rush, race, pace
- He is running on the way.
139. Shout at
Roar, whoop, bark
- Please don’t shout at the place.
140. Smile at
Laugh, beam, look amused
- He smiles at the comedy show.
141. A solution to
Clarification, resolving, explanation
- Let us find a solution to the problem.
142. Sorry for
- I’m sorry for the incident.
143. Suffer from
Hurt, ache, feel pain
- He is suffering from severe headache.
144. Suited to
- This job is suited to you.
145. Superior to
High level, senior, upper
- My parents are superior to me.
146. Sympathy for
Pity, condolence, consolation
- He has enough sympathy for the orphanage.
147. Taste for, of
Flavour, savour, smack, experience
- I have no taste for/of this food.
148. True to
Accurate, perfect, authentic
- He is true to his behaviour.
149. Valid for
Accurate, perfect, authentic, true
- This house is valid for five years.
Step, ramble, parade
- Please walk for your future.
In fine, it can be said preposition plays a very important role to make a sentence perfectly. These above 150 prepositions list in English can be very useful to make new sentences. We have to memorize all those appropriate prepositions with meanings and examples.