8 Parts of Speech Definitions and Examples
In this lesson, we will analyze the ‘8 Parts of Speech in English with their definitions, types, and examples. Parts of Speech is the part and parcel of English grammar. We can’t think of a sentence without using Parts of Speech. There are 8 Parts of Speech in English.
However, if you want to learn English, you must have enough knowledge about Parts of Speech. Otherwise, it will be very difficult to learn English grammar more accurately. Let us know what is the definition of ‘Parts of Speech in English grammar? Just follow the below sentence.
- Wow! I see a very beautiful bird flying in the sky
In this sentence, you will get a clear picture of the 8 Parts of Speech in English.
Every word underlined in the sentence is called Parts of Speech.
Definition of Parts of Speech by Different Scholars
J.C. Nesfield: The different kinds of words are called Parts of Speech.
Wren & Martin: Words are divided into different kinds of classes, called Parts of speech, according to their use; that is, according to the work they do in the sentence.
Types of Parts of Speech
There are 8 types of Parts of Speech in English grammar. They are:
Any naming word (person, place, thing, or idea) is called a Noun. Sometimes many students think a noun is the name of a person or place only but it can be a thing, idea, feeling, etc.
Let us see some examples of nouns; John, boy, country, United Kingdom, New York City, Cow, army, iron, honesty, etc. Nouns are underlined in the below sentences for easy identification:
- John is a good boy.
- The United Kingdom is my favourite country.
- My brother lives in New York City.
- The Cow is roaming in the field.
- The army protects its homeland.
- Iron is very useful for human life.
- Honesty is a good virtue.
There are five kinds of nouns in English. They are:
- Proper noun
- Common noun
- Material noun
- Abstract noun.
A word that is placed instead of a noun is called a Pronoun. If we use a single noun for every sentence then it doesn’t look good. For example; James goes to meet with his friends. James is enjoying the party. James recollects his old memories.
Here we use a single noun for every sentence that’s why it looks weird. But if we use the pronoun ‘he’ for the last two sentences instead of ‘James’ then it seems pretty well.
That’s why we need to use a pronoun instead of a noun. Let us see some examples of pronouns; he, she, they, I, we, it, etc. Pronouns are underlined in the below sentences for easy identification:
- He is going to the market to buy a t-shirt.
- She plays with her classmate.
- I am the only man who understands the matter.
- We are going to arrange a free campaign.
- It was considered that he would be won the trophy.
There are nine kinds of pronouns. They are:
- Personal pronoun
- Possessive pronoun
- Reflexive pronoun
- Demonstrative pronoun
- Indefinite pronoun
- Relative pronoun
- Interrogative pronoun
- Distributive pronoun
- Reciprocal pronoun.
A word that is used to describe a noun or pronoun is called an Adjective. In other words, we can say an adjective usually modifies a noun or a pronoun.
For example; happy, good, clever, intelligent, lazy, large, etc. Adjectives are underlined in the below sentences for easy identification:
- He looks like he is happy now.
- They had been playing good cricket at a time.
- Don’t try to be more clever.
- Undoubtedly he is an intelligent person.
- This animal is so lazy.
- I saw a large building.
There are nine types of adjectives. They are:
- Proper Adjectives
- Adjectives of Quality
- Adjectives of Quantity
- Numeral Adjectives
- Demonstrative Adjectives
- Distributive Adjectives
- Interrogative Adjectives
- Possessive Adjectives
A word that expresses an action or doing something is called a Verb. For example; am, is, are, was, were, have, has had, can, could, shall, should, will, would, go, play, read, want, sing, etc.
Verbs are underlined in the below sentences for easy identification:
- I am good at English.
- He is a good boy.
- They are playing in the field.
- She was suffering from a fever.
- These two boys were going to catch fish.
- I have a beautiful doll.
- They have gone to this place.
- He has done his job successfully.
- My sister had a sweet dog.
- He can do this work.
- You could attend this meeting.
- His father shall go to the field.
- You should be attentive to your study.
- She will go to meet her friends.
- He would claim a better job.
- Read the book carefully.
- The boy wants to sing a song.
There are four kinds of verbs. They are:
- Auxiliary verb
- Principal verb
- Transitive verb
- Intransitive verb
A word that is used to add something to the meaning or modify a verb, an adjective or another adverb is called an Adverb.
For example; about, after, before, fast, slow, etc. Adverbs are underlined in the below sentences for easy identification:
- Tell me something about you.
- Pass the book after him.
- He has done his task before the boy.
- They want to run fast.
- The tortoise walks slowly.
There are three types of Adverbs. They are:
- Simple adverb
- Relative adverb
- Interrogative adverb
A word that is placed before a noun or a pronoun or a noun-equivalent to show its relation to any other word of the sentence is called a Preposition.
For example; on, in, to, for, with, within, above over, etc. Prepositions are underlined in the below sentences for easy identification:
- He stores his books on his bookshelf.
- They have been playing football on the field since morning.
- He goes to the market for buying some clothes.
- She is dancing with her mates.
- The plane was flying above my head.
- He couldn’t succeed in this plan over the years.
There are three kinds of prepositions. They are:
- Simple preposition
- Double preposition
- Compound preposition
A word that is usually used for joining one word to another word, one word to a clause, or one sentence to another sentence is called a Conjunction.
Conjunctions are of three types. They are:
- Coordinating Conjunctions
- Subordinating Conjunctions
- Correlative Conjunctions
For example; and, but, or, if, though, than, since, so–that, as soon as, either–or, neither–nor, etc. Conjunctions are underlined in the below sentences for easy identification:
- Janny and Jammy are good friends.
- He is rich but cheap-minded.
- Please read more or you will fail the exam.
- They will be good doctors if they work hard.
- He could attend the meeting though he had enough time.
- The boy is tall than the girl.
- It has been raining since morning.
- The old man is so poor that he can’t buy enough food.
- He left the place as soon as they came.
- Either Jack or John will do the task.
- She will neither come here nor her friend.
A word that is used to express a short sudden emotion or excitement is called an Interjection. For example; hurrah! alas! oops! etc. Interjections are underlined in the below sentences for easy identification:
- Hurrah! We won the match.
- Alas! She is no more.
- Oops! They can’t do this job correctly.
There are three kinds of Interjections. They are:
- Volitive Interjection
- Emotive Interjection
- Cognitive Interjection.
To sum up, we may say without parts of speech we can’t make a sentence. These 8 parts of speech are the fundamental parts of English grammar.
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Parts of Speech Quiz