What is a Pronoun in English?
Today we will be going to discuss 8 types of pronouns including their definitions and examples. However, the pronoun is an important lesson in English grammar. As we know noun and pronoun are closely related to each other. If we continuously use a single noun for every sentence then those sentences don’t look pretty enough. For example :
- Nishant is a student.
- Nishant goes to his campus every day.
- Nishant plays football with his friends.
Note: In the above sentences we can find that all the sentences being used by same subjcet ‘Nishant’ and that’s why they don’t look so good. But if we use ‘he’ (pronoun) instead of the noun then every sentence look pretty well. Let us discuss what is the definition of the pronoun in English?
We know any naming word (person, place, thing, idea or emotion) is called a noun. And a word that placed instead of a noun is called a pronoun. For example; I, we, our, your, that, these, who, whom, each, either, neither etc.
Pronouns are marked in bold for easy identification.
- I am going to meet my friends.
- We have a very good relationship.
- No other conspiracy break our relationship.
- You should concentrate on your study.
- The place is really beautiful and better than that of others.
- These birds are looking gorgeous.
- I have a nephew who is very smart.
- I see a girl whom I love so much.
- Each of the birds flying in the sky.
- Either he or you will do this work.
- Neither she nor her friend attends the meeting.
8 Types of Pronouns with Definitions and Examples
Pronouns are classified into several categories. We will discuss the 8 types of pronouns in English. They are:
- Personal pronouns
- Possessive pronouns
- Reflexive pronouns
- Demonstrative pronouns
- Indefinite pronouns
- Relative pronouns
- Interrogative pronouns
- Distributive pronouns
1. Personal Pronouns
A pronoun is a type of pronoun that is used to place instead of any person is called a personal pronoun. Personal pronoun usually indicates persons. For example; I, we, you, he, she, they etc.
Personal pronouns are marked in bold for easy identification.
- I have a sweet puppet.
- We have been playing card since morning.
- You are very good at English.
- He had an evergreen memory in his childhood.
- She is going to arrange a meeting with her colleagues.
- They will be played in the final match.
2. Possessive Pronouns
A possessive pronoun is another important pronoun among those 8 types of pronouns. Let us see the definition of the possessive pronoun. A pronoun that is used to indicate possession is called a possessive pronoun. For example; mine, ours, yours, his, hers, theirs etc.
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Possessive pronouns are marked in bold for easy identification.
- The pen is mine.
- It is the responsibility of ours.
- You have to fulfil of dreams of yours.
- He doesn’t follow his duty properly.
- The doll is hers.
- They are going to build the building theirs.
3. Reflexive Pronouns
A pronoun that is used to add self or selves and indicates the subject or clause is called a reflexive pronoun. For example; myself, yourself, yourselves, himself, herself, themselves etc. A reflexive pronoun is placed when the subject and object indicate the same person or the same thing.
Reflexive pronouns are marked in bold for easy identification.
- I regret the misdeed of myself.
- You should be careful of yourself.
- We bought some foods for ourselves.
- He claims himself as a brilliant student.
- She wants to take herself in a new position.
- They think of themselves as a part of the company.
4. Demonstrative Pronouns
A pronoun that is usually used to indicate a noun is called a demonstrative pronoun. For example; this, that, these, those, it etc. A demonstrative pronoun is placed to specify a subject.
Demonstrative pronouns are marked in bold for easy identification.
- This is the book I borrowed from you.
- Do you see that place before?
- These boys are playing cricket.
- I’m missing those childhood days.
- It is really a wonderful place I have ever seen.
5. Indefinite Pronouns
A pronoun that is used to indicate any unidentified person or thing is called an indefinite pronoun. For example; Any, one, anyone, some, someone, no one, anybody, somebody nobody, many, everyone, all etc.
Indefinite pronouns are marked in bold for easy identification.
- Any of the books doesn’t match with my curriculum.
- One should follow one’s duty.
- Is there anyone to answer this question?
- I want to buy some books.
- Please call someone to take me into the house.
- No one can disagree with this matter.
- Somebody help the poor.
- Nobody defeats him in this game.
- I have many clothes which I want to distribute to the orphan child.
- Everyone should concentrate on the class.
- All of the passengers missed the train.
6. Relative Pronouns
A pronoun that is used to introduce a relative clause and connect it to an independent clause is called a relative pronoun. For example; who, whose, whom, which, that etc.
Relative pronouns are marked in bold for easy identification.
- I have a sister who is very good at English.
- I don’t know whose book on the table.
- He has a good friend whom he loves so much.
- My brother has a dog which is really beautiful.
- What is the reason behind that story?
7. Interrogative Pronouns
A pronoun that can be used as a relative pronoun and that may be found in a question or indirect question is called an interrogative pronoun. For example; who, whom, which, what etc.
Interrogative pronouns are marked in bold for easy identification.
- Who is sitting in front of you?
- Whom do you want to love?
- Which smartphone do you prefer to buy?
- What is your opinion regarding this issue?
8. Distribute Pronouns
A pronoun that is used to indicate persons or things one at a time is called a distributive pronoun. Distributive pronouns always in the singular form and it follows singular noun and verb. Example of distributive pronouns; each, either, neither etc.
Distributive pronouns are marked in bold for easy identification.
- Each of the boys is taking part in the competition.
- Either he or she can do this task.
- Neither Jack nor Jonny attends the class.
In fine, we can make a remark that pronouns play a very significant role to improve the quality of a sentence. So it’s important to learn all these 8 types of pronouns including their definitions and examples. And this is how we’ll be able to identify any pronoun of a sentence.