In this lesson, we’ll learn the 3 types of Conjunctions including their definitions and examples. Conjunction plays a vital role to connect one word to another word or one clause to another clause. Conjunction mainly combines two similar parts of speech. This is how a noun is joined to another noun or a pronoun; a verb to another verb; an adjective to another adjective; an adverb to another adverb etc.
Let us know the definition of conjunction. A conjunction is a “part of speech” that joins one word to another word, one word to a clause, or one sentence to another sentence. Examples are in the below sentences:
- Rony and Jony are going to a trip.
- He is happy but missing his parents.
- They are so nurvous that they cannot interpret the story.
- Lukas and I play ludo together.
- Neither he nor you accept the request.
Types of Conjunctions
Conjunctions are of three types. They are:
- Coordinating Conjunctions
- Subordinating Conjunctions
- Correlative Conjunctions
Coordinating Conjunctions are used to join words, phrases, or independent clauses in a sentence of equal grammar structure. Now you may have a question on “what are the coordinating conjunctions” right? Well, in English grammar, there are seven most common Coordinating Conjunctions. They are; and, but, or, for, yet, nor, and so. Let us see some examples of coordinating conjunctions:
- Jim and Mim play basketball.
- He failed in the examination but never gave up.
- Practice more or you’ll be eliminated from the competition.
- He left the office yet he has many tasks to be done.
- He is so poor that he doesn’t bear his livelihood.
- Either I or you will climb the tree.
- Neither he nor his brother agree with matter.
- I’m happy to see you but missing our old days.
- Sweety is good at English and she will make a good result.
- Follow the instruction of your teacher or you’ll miss a lot of things.
Subordinating Conjunctions are types of conjunctions that join independent clauses and dependent clauses. There are many Subordinating Conjunctions in the English language. The common Subordinating Conjunctions are; Though, although, since, as, when, where, till, until, after, before, if, unless, as if, as though, because, etc. Let us see some examples of Subordinating Conjunctions:
- Though he was sick, he finished his homwork.
- Since I am happy, I miss my family.
- When you came here, she went her campus.
- You know where your brother spends his leisure time.
- If you agree with me, I will start the business with you.
- Take a break till you recover from the dieases.
- Don’t bother him untill he finishes his work.
- He behaves as if he knows everything.
- I am here because you invited me.
- He came after I had finished my breakfast.
Sometimes we may see pair of conjunctions work together in a sentence. These types of conjunctions are called Correlative Conjunctions. There are many Correlative Conjunctions in the English language. The most common Correlative Conjunctions are; either-or, neither-nor, not only-but also, so-that, both-and, no sooner-than, hardly-when, such-that, etc. Let us see some examples of Correlative Conjunctions:
- Either you or I fix the issue of the computer.
- Neither he nor she attend the program.
- Not only you but also we face the same challenge.
- He work so hard that he can feed his family.
- No sooner had I went my college than my friends left.
- He is both happy and sad.
- Hardly had I made the food when my sister stayed in New York.
- Not only he writes articles but also continues them regularly.
- She is such a beautiful girl that everyone praises her for that.
- Either Kareem or Rakeen follow your guidelines.